Do Programmers Need a Degree? Exploring the Debate

You might have heard the popular opinion that programmers don't need a degree. It's a debate that's been going on for years, ever since programming emerged as a profitable and sought-after skill. This article delves into the core of this question: is a degree really necessary for programmers?

On one hand, undeniable evidence exists that self-taught programmers can thrive in the industry. According to Stack Overflow's Developer Survey Results 2020, around 30% of the respondents claim to be self-taught, while only 44.7% have formal college or university degrees.

Furthermore, many renowned tech giants, like Google and Apple, have relaxed their degree requirements for technical jobs. However, obtaining a degree might open doors to specific opportunities and help build a solid foundation for your career. In fact, many employers place a premium on higher education, equating it to valuable knowledge and experience.

As you read on, you'll gain a deeper understanding of the pros and cons of having a degree in this competitive field. Ultimately, the decision lies in your hands – your personal goals, learning preferences, and career aspirations.

Understanding the Debate

The question of whether or not programmers need a degree has been a hot topic in the tech industry for quite some time. Both sides of the argument raise valid points, and it's essential to take a closer look at the nuances to understand the debate better.

Those in favor of degrees argue that formal education provides a strong foundation in computer science, programming languages, algorithms, and data structures. Additionally, they emphasize the importance of the following:

  • Networking opportunities
  • Access to internships and job placements
  • Developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills

On the other hand, those against formal degrees highlight the growing number of programmers who have forged thriving careers in the industry without one. They stress the importance of self-learning and cite the following benefits:

  • Lower costs than obtaining a degree
  • Flexibility to learn at your own pace
  • Opportunity to focus on specific programming languages and frameworks relevant to your career goals

Furthermore, there are many coding boot camps, online courses, and free resources available today that allow aspiring programmers to learn the necessary skills to break into the tech industry. The job market has also begun to shift, with more companies now focusing on hiring based on skills rather than the presence of a formal degree.

Various data show differing opinions about the necessity of a degree within the industry:

Industry GroupPercentage Believing Degree is Necessary
Hiring Managers25%
General Tech Professionals48%

To further illustrate the divide within the debate, consider the following:

  • Some major tech companies, like Apple, Google, and IBM, no longer require a computer science degree for certain programming positions.
  • However, a 2018 Stack Overflow developer survey found that a majority (75.2%) of developers have at least a Bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field.

The debate around whether or not programmers need a degree remains complex and multifaceted, with no one-size-fits-all solution. It's important to assess your individual goals, circumstances, and learning style before deciding on the right path for your programming journey.

The Value of Formal Education

When considering a career in programming, it's natural to wonder whether you need a degree. Formal education does provide some distinct benefits that can help you at the start of your career. Let's dive into what formal education offers and why it might be worth pursuing.

One of the main advantages of earning a degree is that it provides a structured learning environment. College and university courses generally cover a wide range of topics, allowing you to gain a comprehensive understanding of programming and computer science principles. In a formal education setting, you'll often have access to:

  • Experienced professors who can provide valuable guidance
  • A well-designed curriculum to ensure consistent learning
  • Networking opportunities with other students and professionals
  • Collaborative projects for practical and team-based experience

Another key benefit of formal education is that it can increase your employability. Many employers require or prefer job applicants with a degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field.

In fact, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, approximately 60% of computer and information research scientists hold a bachelor's degree or higher. Here's a quick look at the educational attainment of computer and information research scientists in the US:

Level of EducationPercentage
Bachelor's Degree37%
Master's Degree20%
Doctoral Degree3%

Earning a degree can help you stand out from the competition and demonstrate commitment to the field. Additionally, pursuing higher education often leads to higher earnings. A study from Georgetown University found that workers with a bachelor's degree in Computer Science earned a median salary of $70,000, while those with a master's degree earned $81,000.

Further, formal education provides opportunities for internships and co-ops. These programs can give you the chance to gain hands-on experience at reputable companies, allowing you to develop skills and professional connections that can be invaluable when you're job hunting.

Lastly, having a degree can offer you a solid foundation for lifelong learning in your field. Even if you decide to specialize in a specific programming language or technology, the well-rounded knowledge you gain from a formal education will continue to be useful as the industry evolves and new opportunities arise.

While it's true that you can be a successful programmer without a degree, formal education can certainly provide a significant boost to your career.

Alternative Paths to Programming

Wondering if it's possible to break into the programming world without a degree? Good news: there are alternative routes you can take to gain the necessary skills and experience. The following options can help you pave your way into the tech industry:

Online courses and coding bootcamps

Nowadays, you can find an abundance of online programming courses and coding bootcamps designed to help you learn programming languages and other necessary skills. Some popular platforms include:

  • Coursera
  • edX
  • Udemy
  • General Assembly
  • Le Wagon


If you're a disciplined and self-motivated learner, you can teach yourself programming through various online resources. Top-notch webpages and online communities offer free tutorials, example codes, and guidance. Some examples include:

  • FreeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • Stack Overflow

Internships and entry-level jobs

It's KEY to gain hands-on experience in the field. Look for internships or entry-level jobs in the tech industry that accept applicants without a degree, and use the opportunity to build your skillset and expand your professional network.

Participate in open-source projects

Volunteering your time and skills to contribute to open-source projects is an amazing way to gain expertise and demonstrate your abilities. Open source contributions showcase your ability to collaborate and problem-solve.


Pursuing programming certifications can be an effective way to signal your competence to employers. While not necessary, certs can give you a competitive edge in the job market:

CertificationIssuing Authority
Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer (MCSD)Microsoft
Oracle Certified Professional (OCP)Oracle
AWS Certified DeveloperAmazon Web Services


Make connections with people in the tech industry through meetups, conferences, and online forums. Establishing relationships with experienced professionals can open doors to job opportunities and provide valuable insight into the industry.

Creating a portfolio

Showcase your coding abilities by building a portfolio of personal projects, school assignments, or open-source contributions. Having tangible examples of your work will help you stand out to potential employers.

In short, a programming career is attainable without a degree as long as you know where to focus your efforts. By exploring alternative paths like online courses, internships, and certifications, you can acquire the skills needed to make your mark in the tech world. Keep in mind, persistence and determination are crucial elements to succeed in any profession—programming is no exception.

Comparing Degree Holders and Self-Taught Programmers

When it comes to employability and success in the field of programming, it's essential to compare degree holders and self-taught programmers. Both paths have their merits and offer unique perspectives in the programming world.

Degree holders

Degree holders typically have a strong foundation in computer science principles and mathematics. They've undergone rigorous training and gained exposure to a variety of programming languages and techniques.

Benefits of holding a degree:

  • Formal education and structured learning
  • Access to resources like professors and research
  • Networking opportunities with peers, alumni, and professionals in the industry
  • Greater credibility with employers


However, a degree isn't always necessary to be successful in programming. Self-taught programmers often excel through hands-on experience, learning via online resources, books, and tutorials to develop their skills.

Advantages of being self-taught:

  • Flexibility in learning pace and focus areas
  • Lower costs compared to traditional education
  • Easier to adapt to changes in technology and programming trends
  • More emphasis on practical and real-world projects

Despite these distinctions, it's important to recognize that many programmers fall somewhere in between these two categories. Hybrid programmers, those who hold a degree but also continue to learn independently, are becoming more common.

There's been a significant shift in employer expectations over the years. More companies value skill sets and portfolios over formal education, making it possible for talented self-taught programmers to excel in the industry. Here's a comparison of employment rates between degree holders and self-taught programmers:

TypeEmployment Rate
Degree Holders75%
Self-Taught Programmers68%

Source: Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019

Being proficient in key programming languages and tools is essential, regardless of educational background. Some of the most in-demand skills for programmers are:

  • JavaScript
  • Python
  • Java
  • C#

Ultimately, the path you choose for your programming career is less important than how well you can demonstrate your skills, knowledge, and adaptability. Employers look for programmers who can solve problems, learn new technologies, and work well in teams. Whether you're a degree holder or a self-taught programmer, it's vital to show confidence in your abilities and commitment to professional growth.

Hiring Trends in the Tech Industry

The tech industry has been witnessing a major shift in hiring trends over the last few years. Employers are now placing more emphasis on skills and experience rather than just relying on traditional degrees. In this section, you'll learn about these emerging trends.

Notable changes have been observed in the way tech companies hire professionals. More companies are emphasizing skills-based hiring practices, such as coding demonstrations and technical interviews, to assess a candidate's potential. Here are a few key factors driving this change:

Rapidly evolving technology

Technology changes at an astonishing pace, and it's crucial for workers to stay updated with the latest developments. Degrees may not always provide the most recent or relevant knowledge, making it essential to focus on a candidate's actual skill set.

Demand for specialized skills

With advancements in fields like AI, machine learning, and data analytics, there's a growing need for specialized talents. Candidates who possess these niche skills can often outshine those with traditional degrees in computer science or other related fields.

Self-learning opportunities

The rise of online learning platforms like Coursera, Udemy, and Codecademy has made it easier for individuals to develop programming skills independently. As a result, many programmers acquire expertise without the need for a formal degree.

Now let's explore some data on how this shift affects the job market:

YearPercentage of Job Postings Requiring a Degree

This table shows a significant decline in the percentage of job postings requiring a degree between 2016 and 2019. This can be attributed to industry giants like Apple, Google, and IBM, who've realized that degrees aren't the only measurement of a candidate's abilities.

Various success stories reinforce this trend as well. Prominent examples include the likes of Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg, both of whom dropped out of college but still managed to build hugely successful businesses.

Ultimately, the tech industry's hiring trends illustrate that having a degree may no longer be critical to a programmer's career. Employers are starting to appreciate the value of skills, experience, and adaptability over traditional educational qualifications. So, it's crucial that you focus on developing practical skills to stay relevant and competitive in the evolving job market.

Conclusion: Is a Degree Necessary?

So, is a degree really necessary for programmers? The answer isn't a simple yes or no. Instead, it depends on various factors that ultimately determine the path you choose. Let's take a look at some key points to consider:

Experience and skills

If you're able to gain relevant experience and build your programming skills on your own or through practical projects, you may not need a degree to succeed. Employers often prioritize real-world experience and skills over formal education.

Certifications and resources:

Several certifications and learning platforms are available, such as Codecademy, Udemy, and Coursera, which could help you build a strong foundation in programming without a degree.

Networking and job opportunities

While a degree can open doors and grant access to networking opportunities, you can still network effectively through online communities, social media, and tech events or conferences.

Industry focus

Certain industries, such as data science and artificial intelligence, may require a specialized degree, while others, like web development, may not have such a strict requirement.

Given these considerations, it's crucial to weigh the pros and cons of obtaining a degree. Here's a brief summary of the potential benefits and drawbacks:


  • Access to a structured learning environment
  • Networking opportunities and alumni connections
  • Better prospects for long-term career growth
  • Research and internship opportunities


  • High costs of tuition and student loans
  • May not guarantee a job in the programming field
  • Less emphasis on real-world experience and skills

Ultimately, whether you pursue a computer science degree or take an alternative approach depends on your goals, financial situation, and commitment to self-directed learning. It's essential to research, plan, and dedicate time to building your programming skills, regardless of the path you choose.

Keep in mind that the programming field continually evolves, and staying up-to-date with new technologies and languages will be a key component to your success.